WARWICK The movement to conserve and preserve old cars rather than completely
restoring them is gaining ground in the world of antique car
The interest is reflected in a new category – Postwar Preservation through 1967
– being introduced this weekend at the prestigious Pebble Beach Concours
d'Elegance in Monterey, Calif.
For years, the standard approach has been to strip down and restore an old
classic to an exact, bright and shiny version of its former self, even if that
meant recreating, even replacing parts, rechroming bright work, repainting the
bodywork and redoing the interior – with colors often reflecting the new
owner's personal taste rather than the original color scheme.
But a growing number of collectors are now focusing on trying to preserve as
much of the original vehicle as possible. The chrome and paintwork may not be
as shiny, the interior a bit moth-eaten and the upholstery worn, but the
important thing is what you see is the original car, warts and all.
"There have always been a number of collectors who preferred to conserve
their cars rather than restore them, but I do think it's a growing trend
to preserve the history of the cars," said Scott Sargent, who runs a shop
in Vermont specializing in Bugattis.
"I'm into authenticity, such as keeping the color, even if it's
chartreuse – it's all historical information," he added.
"It's like cleaning the Mona Lisa where you're removing the
varnish that gives it its patina."
Warwick collector Dick Shappy, who has restored many antique cars, focused on
preserving as much of his 1934 Duesenberg J505 convertible sedan as he could.
He purchased the car three years ago after it had been sitting in a barn in
Massachusetts since 1952.
"I tried to keep it as original as I could," he said during an
interview at his house on Warwick Neck. "What's so important about
this car is that it sat for so long untouched and unmolested."
Shappy said he bought the car from Margaret Cade, whose husband, Phil, used to
race it before using it as a tow vehicle for his Maserati racing car.
"When I came to view the car, we had to move it out from the wall about
five feet and Mrs. Cade said that was the first time it had been moved in 52
The Duesenberg will be the featured car at the Fairfield County Region 56th
Annual Fall Meet in Reading, Conn., in early September.
Sargent has also restored cars, most notably a rare 1935 Bugatti Type 57SC
Atlantic that won Best in Show at Pebble Beach, in 2003.
Pebble Beach is the touchstone of concourses and entry is by invitation only.
"They like cars that haven't been seen before," Sargent said.
"Cars coming out of the closet after long restorations."
For a restored car to win 'Best in Class,' let alone Best in Show, it has
to be absolutely perfect; there is no forgiving even the slightest blemish in
the leather or chrome work, not to mention the body and engine. The prize can
add as much as 20 percent to its value, according to some estimates.
Sargent's latest project, however, is not a restoration. Instead, he has
spent the last couple of months cleaning up a 1938 Bugatti Type 57C Atalante
coupe that was auctioned by Christie's at the Greenwich Concours
d'Elegance, in June. The car, which had been sitting in a barn in Pound
Ridge, N.Y., since 1962, was sold by the Straus family of Macy's
"We determined that this car will never be restored," said
Connecticut collector Dennis Nicotra, who bought the car for $852,000 and spent
$50,000 on having Sargent clean it up for Pebble Beach, where it is currently
competing in the Prewar Preservation class. "It would be a sin to restore
a car that is so original," he added.
Nicotra said the main work on the Bugatti has been TLC and elbow
"The car is incredibly pure," Sargent said, noting that the chassis
and engine numbers matched with all the engine parts. The only things he
replaced were the carpeting and the stuffing in the seats.
"The carpet was mouse-eaten so bad there was not a square inch left that
could be used," he said. "And the upholstery had to be restuffed –
the original leather was fine – and there were a few moth holes in the
"We drained all the fluids and cleaned out the engine sump," he
added, and replaced all the rubber lines and the tires, and painted the wire
wheels their original black. "And we also rebuilt the (hydraulic) brake
system. The most significant thing was the blower (for the supercharger) – the
leather seals were worn."
Shappy readily admits that his Duesenberg, which was originally owned by the
Wrigley family of Chicago, may be a magnificent car and mostly original but it
is not currently Pebble Beach quality: It is not original enough to compete in
the Prewar Preservation class nor restored enough to compete in the Duesenberg
J and SJ class.
He said he had to change the upholstery and fabric in the convertible top, plus
the bumpers, lights, and wheels, and he painted it an elegant two-tone green
with a thin "fawn brown" stripe along the body. He said he used
original Dupont colors from the era, but altered the green from "a drab
olive," which would get him a finger wagging from Sargent. However, the
rest is original down to the slightly dowdy chromework on the grille.
He said he had also ordered some remade parts from Brian Joseph of Classic &
Exotic Service in Troy, Mich., adding that they were very expensive.
"These cars are expensive to own," he said. "You don't
argue with the price."
He also had to rebuild the engine. He said Cade had blown the engine in 1952
and, when he bought the car, the engine was "in a million pieces."
Shappy has a full workshop on his property where he and a team of assistants
work on classic cars and motorcycles.
Sargent said the conserve and preserve movement also serves to keep collectors
honest. "In today's market, there are a lot of fakes, and when a car
is bright and shiny, it's sometimes hard to see that it has a fake body
and the wrong engine, that it's a 'bitsy,' " he said,
describing such vehicles as being made up of bits of this and bits of
"You can't come up with a 50-year patina – it lends a certain
honesty," he said.
Sargent and Nicotra are out at Pebble Beach this weekend where Nicotra's
Bugatti has a good chance to win Best of Class in Prewar Preservation. However,
Sargent said he knew of at least one other vehicle that presented strong
"There's a Chrysler Imperial, from 1932 I believe, that is one of the
best Chryslers on the planet," he said. "It's a big